To what extent does the concept of institutional racism explain over-policing and under-protection of ethnic minority communities?

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My question is: To what extent does the concept of institutional racism explain over-policing and under-protection of ethnic minority communities? Critically discuss using case study examples.

Introduction- define institutional racism (you can use the MacPherson report to define institutional racism).
Stop and search statistics
Criminal justice statistics
Does this overrepresentation mean institutional racism in the criminal justice system?

You can discuss Brixton riots (describe what happened)
Scarman report (1981)
Critique- rejected by Lord Scarman institutional racism on his report, blamed the behaviour on few police officers.
Examples of over- policing

Discuss Stephen Lawrence (describe what happened)
MacPherson report (1999)
Initially Stephen Lawrence’s friend was used as a support (examples of over policing)
Police failed investigations (examples of under-protection)
Macpherson highlighted police institutionally racist main differences from Scarman report.

Discuss Zahid Mubarak (describe what happened)
Inquiry (also who did the inquiry)
Examples of under- reporting
Asian people are more likely to be victim of crime than any other race.

Discuss David Oluwale
Conclusion- bring all the arguments together.

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